Relevance of surgical gloves in minor surgical procedures in the present scenario: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial
Pradipta Das1, Abhishek Singh Nayyar2, Omkar Haridas3, K Lakshmi Sirisha4, Abhishek Karan5, K Pramod6
1 Department of Surgery, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Saraswati-Dhanwantari Dental College and Hospital and Post-Graduate Research Institute, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Pedodontics, Saraswati-Dhanwantari Dental College and Hospital and Post-Graduate Research Institute, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
4 Department of General Medicine, Government Medical College, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
5 Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Saraswati-Dhanwantari Dental College and Hospital and Post-Graduate Research Institute, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
6 Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Meghna Institute of Dental Sciences, Nizamabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Abhishek Singh Nayyar
44, Behind Singla Nursing Home, New Friends' Colony, Model Town, Panipat - 132 103, Haryana
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Context: In developing countries, where money set aside for public health is <1% of the gross domestic product, routine use of surgical gloves for examining patients as well as for minor surgical procedures can be a drain on the resources. The present study was, therefore, planned to ascertain whether it is necessary to use surgical gloves in routine minor surgical procedures.
Aim: The aim of the study was to ascertain whether it is necessary to use surgical gloves in routine minor surgical procedures.
Materials and Methods: A comparative, prospective, randomized, double-blind study was carried out in 100 patients for various minor surgical procedures, performed aseptically. Microbiology specimens were taken from the glove's surfaces according to a standard protocol. An independent assessor, who was blinded for the procedure, examined the patients on the 7th postoperative day.
Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS Statistics 20 core system software. Paired t-test, unpaired t–test, and Karl Pearson's coefficient test were used to calculate the scientific data and association between variables.
Results: A total of 100 patients who underwent minor surgical procedures were obtained at the end of the study. Paired t-test showed highly significant difference from pre- to post-operative colony-forming units at 1% level of significance (P < 0.01).
Conclusions: The present study concluded that the use of surgical gloves does not offer a definite advantage in minimizing the rate of infections following various minor surgical procedures.